In B.ed Classroom organisation and Classroom Management are very important topics for exams. Classroom organisation B.ed Notes and Classroom management B.Ed notes pdf are there in this article. Also we will discuss how effective classroom managemnet benefit students. Lets have a look at list of Topics which are going to be covered in this article.
1.Meaning, nature and objective of classroom organization
2.what is best order of classroom organization
3.Dimensions of classroom organization
4.Factors affecting of classroom organization
5.classroom Resources and it’s classifications
6.Why is important to use classroom Resources
7.How to use classroom resources in teaching and learning
8.what are the importance of availability of resources in classroom organization
9.how can you make class room organization effective and how to student benefitts from it
What is Classroom Organisation
•Organisation have many meaning such as Administration, Management, Group, Institution, system etc. So in broader sense the organisation of the classroom requires all the synonyms of the organisation. “Organisation is an instrument for achieving organisational goals. The work of each and every person is defined and authority and responsibility is fixed for accomplishing the same.”
“Classroom organization” it requires proper management, creating learning environment, physical classroom (spacing, seating arrangemnets, etc.), teachers,teaching aids and materials and so on.
Objectives of classroom organization :
1.To achieve goal and objectives
3.Optimum use of resources
4.The physical setup of the classroom
6.Classroom are organised so that every student can be observed.
Nature of classroom organisation
1) Suitable space and equipment for the students’ activities
2) Space and equipment required for the teacher to demonstrate the procedure
3) Classroom seating arrangement should be as per procedure.
4) It includes the adjustment of the physical elements of the classroom as well as the human elements.
5) Its nature affects classroom learning.
6) In every situation, it aims at saving the students from physical and mental fatigue and making them more productive for learning.
7) It is based on thematic teaching methods as well as individual variation among students.
8) In particular, the teaching environment of the classroom and the creative interaction of human elements is also considered to be a sign of the creative skills of the teacher.
order of classroom organization
According to – Montessori,1989 “The children in our school are free , but that does not mean there is no organization ,in fact is necessary and if the children are to be free to work ,it must be even more thorough than in the ordinary schools .”
1: Organization before entering in class.
2: Eye contact to every student.
3: Ensure proper lighting and ventilation.
4: Ensure proper sitting arrangement, according
5: Take Attandance.
6: Introduction of topic.
7: Proper execution of experiment/activity (if any).
8: Put things back properly,in appropriate order.
9: Put important notice regarding class / upcoming class.
10: Ensure everything is perfect before leaving class
Note: This order is flexible.It should be according to the need and type of class.
Every act should have a time limit as organization of time is most important part of classroom organization.
Dimensions of classroom organization
1. Structure of classroom
2.Area of classroom
B. HUMAN DIMENSION
1.Personalty of teacher
2.Personalty of student
Factors affecting classroom organisation
1. Factors affecting physical environment of classroom
- Availability of resources
- Administrative factor
- Sights,sounds and feelings
- Seating arrangement
- Chalk Board use
2. Factors affecting Social environment of classroom
- Teaching in crowded classroom
- Teaching in mixed ability classes
3. Factors influencing the educational environment of classroom
4. Factors concerning teachers
- Lesson plan
- Student motivation
- Teacher’s role in style
- Teacher’s voice and body language
Classroom Resources and it’s classifications
Classroom – A place where a group of people learning from teacher or A place where lessons are taught.
Resources – if something is useful to people,then it can be called a resources.
So classroom resources are teaching materials and supplies that you can use in your lessons to help learning
Classification of classroom resources:-
1.physical classroom resources –
Includes tangible items that are necessary and available for class room function.
Eg.- Board, projector, chalk& DUSTER, table , chair, maps and charts etc
2. human classroom resources –
Includes set of people who is responsible for class room function . Eg.- Students, teacher
Why is important to use classroom Resources
1.To maintain an organised and conducive environment whilst helping children get the very most out of their learning experiences.
2.Classroom resources creates Curiousity among the students and incites the mental alacrity of a child.
3.Classroom resources are a great way to support teaching on a tricky subject and are helpful for learners to grasp that particular subject.
4.It Enhances the Overall Academic performance of a child.
5.It helps students understand the object of the lesson the teacher is conveying.
6.It provides students new insights and may provide them with new opportunities to practice a new skill gained in the class
How Effective class room organization benefits Students
Classroom Organization becomes effective wehn we organise available resources in planned way. Lets understand first what is Effective classroom managemnet or organisation.
Bringing Plan to Existence
According to J.B.Sears organization is “ A machine or Tool for doing work ”.
Classroom organization can be said to be based on 3 pillars – Planning , Control & Communication
One of the main goals of education is to promote life-long learning. Thus, education should be able to motivate individuals to continue learning throughout their lives, even outside the classroom. I think it is important for us to assess the importance of effective management of students’ classroom organisation.
➢ It helps create a conducive learning environment
➢ It creates structure and achievable goals for students
➢ It informs students about what is expected of them
➢ It increases task time and reduces classroom disruptions
➢ Creates opportunities for meaningful academic learning
➢ It promote students’ self-regulation
➢ It reduces the incidence of misbehavior and increase productivity
Classroom Organisation Summary
Classroom organization refers to the physical and logistical arrangement of the classroom space and resources, as well as the establishment of routines and procedures to create an optimal learning environment. It involves structuring the physical space, organizing materials and resources, establishing rules and expectations, and managing student behavior and activities.
Here are some practical aspects of classroom organization:
- Physical layout: The physical arrangement of desks, tables, chairs, and other furniture should be designed to facilitate effective communication, collaboration, and movement within the classroom. Considerations such as creating clear pathways, ensuring visibility for all students, and providing designated areas for different activities (e.g., reading corner, group work area) are important.
- Resources and materials: Organizing teaching materials, textbooks, stationery, learning aids, and technology in a systematic manner ensures easy accessibility and minimizes disruptions during instruction. It is helpful to have designated storage spaces or shelves for different materials and resources to maintain order and efficiency.
- Classroom routines and procedures: Establishing consistent routines and procedures for various activities, such as entering and exiting the classroom, transitioning between subjects or activities, handling materials, and using technology, helps create a structured and predictable learning environment. Clearly communicating and teaching these routines to students promotes efficiency and reduces confusion or disruptions.
- Classroom rules and expectations: Establishing clear and age-appropriate classroom rules and expectations helps set a positive and respectful learning environment. Rules should be discussed and agreed upon with the students, emphasizing the reasons behind them. Displaying the rules visually and regularly reinforcing them through positive reinforcement and corrective measures contribute to a well-managed classroom.
- Classroom management strategies: Effective classroom management techniques, such as positive behavior reinforcement, establishing a positive teacher-student relationship, providing clear instructions, utilizing engaging teaching methods, and managing transitions smoothly, help maintain a productive and focused learning environment. Consistency, fairness, and a supportive approach are essential in managing student behavior and promoting active participation.
- Student seating arrangements: Deciding on appropriate seating arrangements based on instructional needs and student dynamics can enhance learning outcomes. Options may include traditional rows, cooperative groups, pairs, or a combination of various seating arrangements. Flexibility in seating arrangements can also facilitate different teaching strategies and accommodate diverse learning styles.
Overall, effective classroom organization ensures that the physical environment, resources, routines, and management strategies are conducive to learning, promoting student engagement, collaboration, and academic growth.
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