It’s todays trending topic related to 3 farm laws as PM Modi announced that the Centre takes back 3 farm laws. This means the Government of India or say Centre repeal or take back 3 Farm laws for which farmers were protesting for the last 1 year. so people want to know the reason behind this decision by PM Modi and the Centre to roll back farm laws. In this article, you will come to know and get the answer regarding Why Centre Takes back 3 farm laws and what are main reasons for the repeal of 3 farm laws. Means What are factors due to which Centre and PM Modi takes back or roll back 3 farm laws.
Why Centre takes back 3 farm laws [Why Centre rolls back 3 farm laws]
There can be 4 main reasons why Central Government or why PM Modi repealed 3 farm laws. You can say that these are 4 main reasons why centre takes back 3 farm laws today. Let’s have a look at all these four reasons one by one:-
- Different farmer unions were protesting against this and despite of long talks between Government of India and farmers the issue did not solved out and ultimately it was creating pressure on the central government and PM Modi.
- Somewhere down the line Government of India know that there are some loopholes in this new farm laws. When it was implemented it was done in a very hurry and it was not discussed with all the parties related to this form loss due to which such Chaos situation came and arise due to which finally they have took it back.
- It can also be considered as a master stroke seeing the upcoming elections especially the election of Uttar Pradesh it also consists of large amount of farmers. Not only Uttar Pradesh upcoming elections are also there in Punjab and that’s why saying the elections might be the case that clan Mantri Narendra Modi and Central Government take back this three farm laws.
- Also Government of India looking for or ending the protest as it has already Hampered economy of certain geographical areas which was like in lockdown from last 1 and half year due to which there was complete shutdown of economic activities in that area where farmers were protesting. Also in this pandemic situation, large gatherings would lead to to danger.
So probably this can be the main reason why the central government rolls back three farm laws or answer of the question that why PM Modi takes back 3 farm laws.
3 farm laws name
The 3 farm laws name is as follows:-
|The Farmer’s Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020|
|The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, 2020|
|The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill,2020|
What was 3 Farm Laws Protest
As we are seeing year from last one year that the farmers from all over India were not satisfied with this new three farm laws whose name we have stated above. The most important demand of the farmer and the union was that to rollback three farm laws which finally Centre Government did on 19th November. PM Modi came and announced that Centre has repealed all the 3 farm laws.
Maximum farmers thought that these laws were not in the favour of them and this where hampering the work. They are not satisfied and that’s why they were on strike from last one year.
Farmer protests is going from months in india against of 3 farm laws.Agrarian protests increased in 12 of the 15 states recorded in the year when the government got three contentious farm bills passed in Parliament amid alleged procedural irregularities.
The latest data from the Union Agriculture Ministry show that from January 1 to July 9, a total of 2,982 farmer protests occurred across India – which is almost twice as many as in the corresponding period last year. Of these, at least 210 protests have been about farm loan waivers – a promise that formed a major plank of political parties in the run-up to the Assembly elections in Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Gujarat.
The government had last year announced a package of Rs 6,000 crore for waiving farm loans in UP where they formed a core issue in its campaign. Parties including the Congress promised loan waiver to farmers before the Assembly elections in Punjab and later rolled out an incentive package of Rs 2,000 crore for the sugar industry after coming to power.
The three major farmers’ issues this year have been – loan waivers, better Minimum Support Price (MSP) and land acquisition.While protests on MSP have been reported from Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Haryana , the other two being the states where the BJP lost by a narrow margin.
The BJP, which had promised to provide free power to farmers and also wanted to address the issue of loan waiver before the elections, was forced to take such measures after coming into power. “Loan waivers are just an election stunt,” said VK Singh, BJP MLA from Uttar Pradesh’s Bhadohi.
“The government has waived off loans of Rs 1 lakh crore that were never paid by these people. Farmers have been compelled to pay from their pockets, mostly from money kept aside for marriages.” Singh blamed both the Mayawati-led Bahujan Samaj Party and the Akhilesh Yadav-led Samajwadi Party for not fulfilling their promises after coming into power.
Earlier this year, the UP Government had informed the Assembly that Rs 36,000 crore was needed for waiving farm loans. The government has so far only cleared a loan waiver of Rs 5,630 crore to benefit 2.25 lakh farmers.
The policies have led to protests in many states. In Rajasthan, one of the last states to announce a loan waiver scheme in June this year, protests were led by Youth for Farmers (Y4F), an organisation which has been demanding farm loans waiver and implementation of Swaminathan Committee reports.
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A member of Y4F said that almost all their demands have been ignored most notably the government’s decision to reduce the price at which they would buy wheat and chana (gram). The organisation has decided to restart their protests next month with an aim of putting pressure on the state government before Assembly elections in 2018.
Leaders said that while political parties are trying to woo farmers, very little has been done in terms of rural reforms. The bleak picture was confirmed by the data which shows that of 2,982 farmer protests reported across India, 738 were related to land acquisition.
Farmer unions said the government needs to focus on providing electricity and better MSP for farm produce.
“The government is pushing sugar mills to purchase sugarcane at the Minimum Support Price by giving them subsidy,” said Sagar Rabari, secretary of the Gujarat Khedut Samaj.
“The mills are sitting on a huge surplus and by giving such subsidy to them, the government is indirectly helping them make profits.”
Welcoming such measures, Surendra Goyal of Progressive Dairy Farmers Association in Rajasthan said that the government also needs to provide proper rates for milk and should consider making arrangements to buy milk directly from farmers.
“The government has started selling milk powder at cheaper rates and it will take some time before its benefits reach farmers,” said Goyal. “What we need is the implementation of the Swaminathan report which says that farmers should be paid 1.5 times the cost of production.”
BJP MLA Singh said that the price of milk is determined by prevailing market rates and it is up to state governments to provide subsidy if they wish. “The demand for MSP has been around for years but crops like tur are always ignored,” he said.
He added that apart from loan waivers of Rs 1 lakh crore, the government has also raised MSP for 18 crops of up to at least 50% over production cost. “In Madhya Pradesh, crops like soya have been bought at nearly double the price,” Singh said.
While he welcomed such measures, Rabari said that the problems faced by farmers are not limited to market rates, but also include land acquisition and rising input costs.
“In a recent case in Pali district, a farmer killed himself after his crops were destroyed due to lack of proper irrigation facilities,” he said. “The state government is just focused on setting up power plants and making it easier for industries coming into the area.”
He added that farmers are also fighting against proposed amendments to the Land Acquisition Act.
“Currently, there is a complete lack of will among political parties and they just want to attract votes by promising loan waivers and higher MSP,” said Sagar Rabari, secretary of Gujarat Khedut Samaj. “This can’t be sustainable and we need Union Government’s intervention.”
Himanshu Thakkar of South Asia Network for Dams, Rivers and People said that the Centre has stopped taking stock of agrarian crisis even as number of farmer suicides are increasing.
“The current central government prefers to leave it to the states,” Thakkar said. “This is turning out to be a huge problem while the number of farmer suicides is increasing.”
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On one hand, people are speaking about providing relief to farmers and on the other, many states have been filing review pleas in Supreme Court seeking modifications to its order on land acquisition. Such moves send a wrong message which can prove costly for political parties,” Thakkar said.
As soon as Government declares more regarding why centre takes back 3 farm laws and also officialy what they say regarding main reasons of roll back of 3 farm laws and repeal of farm laws. We will keep updating post here. Keep visiting.